For the most part Eurovision is a celebration of a range of European identities, a chance for nations to express and showcase their national individuality and prowess. On a whole this is about celebrating the music and culture of these nations and usually sees widespread generic messages evoking peace, love and tolerance. Eurovision rules state that:
‘The lyrics and/or performance of the songs shall not bring the Shows, the ESC [Eurovision Song Contest] as such or the EBU [European Broadcasting Union] into disrepute. No lyrics, speeches, gestures of a political or similar nature shall be permitted during the ESC.’
However there have been moments in Eurovision’s history that have flouted this rule and has seen rising tensions between countries who are at odds with come to the fore and play out through the Contest.